Mabe (pronounced Mar-bay) are known as half-pearls or blister pearls. They are made by glueing several hemispherical plastic beads to the inside of pearl oyster shells. The half pearls are cut from the shell using a diamond-tipped hole saw and the nucleus is removed. The half pearl now resembles half an empty egg shell. The inside is then scraped to remove any organic stain and is then filled with resin made with crushed pearl shell. A round disc, also cut from the shell, is then glued to the back to complete the mabe pearl. The size of mabe pearls varies from 12 to 20 millimetres in diameter.
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